National Association of State Directors of Pupil Transportation (NASDPTS)
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Charlie Hood email
Executive Director, NASDPTS
(850) 274-4308


National Stop Arm Violation Count

Coronavirus Update: Due to the disruption in school services arising from the novel coronavirus and COVID-19 pandemic, NASDPTS has canceled this year’s 2020 Illegal passing survey. Therefore, links and information below regarding the 2020 survey no longer apply. The 2019 and prior historical data remain valid. We anticipate resuming the annual survey in March 2021. Please contact Charlie Hood, NASDPTS Executive Director, at or (850) 274-4308 with questions and comments.

While school buses remain the safest way for students to get to and from school, students who ride in buses are most vulnerable when they are outside the bus in the "danger zone." In 2010, NASDPTS passed a resolution initiating the first national survey to determine the prevalence of illegal passing of school buses. Using that data as a starting point, NASDPTS encourages improved safety countermeasures at the state or national level.  Here is the NASDPTS Resolution directing the effort.

2020 Survey Instructions

Annually, NASDPTS requests that each state choose a single day on which to have school bus operators (public and contracted) observe and report any instances of motorists illegally passing their school buses. It is recommended that the survey be conducted on a state-designated, representative school day from March 1 to May 31. State directors are encouraged to enlist assistance from their state associations as needed.

Click HERE for 2020 Survey Methodology and Instructions

Public Awareness and Training

The following video, captured from an on-board school bus camera in West Virginia, shows the seriousness of stop arm violations. Fortunately this one is categorized as a "near miss" rather than a fatality.

Near Miss Video

The following video was developed by WNCN in Raleigh, North Carolina, as a public service, in conjunction with the NC Department of Public Instruction:

#Brake4Buses Public Service Announcement (.MPG, 50 MB) 
#Brake4Buses Public Service Announcement (YouTube) 

The following video, made by students from Mountain Home High School in Arkansas, illustrates the potentially tragic consequences of not stopping for the bus:

STOP for School Bus Stop Signs (YouTube) play


Select a school year below to see results of the annual Stop Arm Violation Counts.

State Laws Regarding Passing Stopped School Buses

State School Bus Stop Arm Camera Laws (1/24/2020, National Conference of State Legislatures)

NASDPTS Survey - Stop Arm Laws, Penalties and Video Evidence pdf

2019 Survey Results

Stop Law Narrative 
Compiled by School Training Solutions, 2012

State School Bus Stop-Arm Camera Laws, 2020
Report from National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)


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