National Association of State Directors of Pupil Transportation (NASDPTS)
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For Additional Information


Derek Graham email
State Director, North Carolina

Charlie Hood email
Executive Director, NASDPTS
(850) 274-4308


National Stop Arm Violation Count

While school buses remain incredibly safe, students who ride in buses are most vulnerable when they are outside the bus in the “danger zone.” In 2010, NASDPTS passed a resolution initiating the first national survey to determine the prevalence of illegal passing of school buses. Using that data as a starting point, NASDPTS encourages improved safety countermeasures at the state or national level. Here is the NASDPTS Resolution directing the effort.

Survey Instructions

Annually, NASDPTS requests that each state choose a single day on which to have school bus operators (public and contracted) observe and report any instances of motorists illegally passing their school buses. It is recommended that the survey be conducted on a state-designated, representative school day from March 1 to May 31. State directors are encouraged to enlist assistance from their state associations as needed.

Methodology and Instructions

Public Awareness and Training

The following video, captured from an on-board school bus camera in West Virginia, shows the seriousness of stop arm violations. Fortunately this one is categorized as a "near miss" rather than a fatality.

Near Miss Video

The following video was developed by WNCN in Raleigh, North Carolina, as a public service, in conjunction with the NC Department of Public Instruction:

#Brake4Buses Public Service Announcement (.MPG, 50 MB) 
#Brake4Buses Public Service Announcement (YouTube) 


Select a school year below to see results of the annual Stop Arm Violation Counts.

State Laws Regarding Passing Stopped School Buses

NASDPTS Survey - Stop Arm Laws, Penalties and Video Evidence pdf

2015 Survey Results

Stop Law Narrative 
Compiled by School Training Solutions, 2012


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